P110B - TWO LUDWIGSBURG MINIATURE FIGURES FROM JAHRMARKT SERIES
Circa 1770, blue crowned monogram mark and black painted S to the second
One as an apple seller, the other a turnip seller, each vendor modeled seated with a basket of her respective wares at her feet
2 ½ in. (6.4 cm) high (2)
Cleo M. and G. Ryland Scott Jr., Antique Porcelain Digest, Newport, England, 1961, p. 193, plate 108, figs. 363 and 364
On display in the Scott-Allen Collection at The High Museum of Art, Atlanta, Georgia from 1976 until 1996
Apple Seller - Two small elements missing from the base
Vegetable Seller - One basket a made up restoration
The present miniature figures are part of a group of figures produced by the factory in about 1770. They have sometimes been referred to as from a Venetian Carnival. Theatrical productions would have been performed by travelling players in the market square of towns such as Ludwigsburg during the 18th century. A typical marketplace would have selling booths and merchants similar to those depicted by the present porcelains. A more complete 'Jahrmarkt' originally owned by Damian August Philipp Carl Reichsgraf von Limburg-Styrum, Archbishop of Speyer and more recently in the collection of the Margrave and Grand Duke of Baden was sold by Sotheby's on the premises of the Neues Schloss, Baden-Baden, 6-7 October 1995, lot 823, I-LI. See Christie‟s, New York, 22-23 October 2003, lot 444 for six groups from the series; anon. sale, Christie's New York, 24 May 2001, lot 444 for six groups including a tailor, a cobbler, a musical group, soldiers in a public hous, dice players and card players.
For an example of the Music Group, see Hans Christ, Ludwigsburger Porzellanfiguren, Stuttgart, 1921, fig. 59b For an example of the Dice Players, see Ernesto F. Blohm, sale, Christie's London, 10 April, 1989, lot 56 For examples of the Dice players and the Tailor, see Hermann Emden sale, Rudolph Lepke, Hamburg, 3-7 November 1908, lots 644 and 646, illustrated Taf. 59. There are two acknowledged groups of miniature figures produced at Ludwigsburg, the 'Jahrmarkt' and the 'Venetian Fair' groups. The six examples sold at Christie’s in 2003 included trades as well as vignettes of daily life. Presumably these would fall into the category of market scenes. In Hans Dieter Flach's, Ludwigsburger Porzellan, Stuttgart, 1997, see pages 593-598 for illustrations of forty-four of these miniature groups on rectangular bases which all seem to fall into a third category. At this time there does not seem to be a definitive listing of which subjects belong where.